Visconti's The Earth Trembles was shot on location in a Sicilian fishing village, and utilized local non-professional actors. His films often with Peppino De Filippo and almost always with Mario Castellani expressed a sort of neorealistic satire, in the means of a guitto a "hammy" actor as well as with the art of the great dramatic actor he also was. Giovanni Pastrone's film Cabiria was an even larger production, requiring two years and a record budget to produce. A series of black-and-white films based on Don Camillo character created by the Italian writer and journalist Giovannino Guareschi were made between and Lisa and the Devil Director Mario Bava Lisa and the Devil When producer Alfredo Leone gave Mario Bava carte blanche and a generous budget for his next project, Bava chose to make this extraordinary, logic-defying riddle of a film. L'Inferno the first full-length Italian feature film ever made Cabiria poster Enrico Guazzone's film Quo Vadis was one of the earliest " blockbusters " in cinema history, utilizing thousands of extras and a lavish set design. The Italian film industry struggled against rising foreign competition in the years following World War I. A "film-machine" who produced dozens of titles per year, his repertoire was frequently repeated. The film Umberto D. Udo Kier is brilliantly barmy as the unhinged Baron Frankenstein, whose grotesque experiments function as a barely-concealed excuse for his own necrophilia. Neorealist films typically dealt with the working class in contrast to the Telefoni Bianchi , and were shot on location. But his contribution to Italian horror has not been insignificant, the former jazz musician having helmed a series of powerfully sinister rural gothic chillers, all set in his home region of Emilia-Romagna. Kier and van Vooren are clearly having a whale of a time with their often improvised-sounding dialogue, peppered with quotable one-liners. Sword and Sandal [ edit ] Bartolomeo Pagano as Maciste With the release of 's Hercules , starring American bodybuilder Steve Reeves , the Italian film industry gained entree to the American film market. Giuseppe De Santis , on other hand, used actors such as Silvana Mangano and Vittorio Gassman in his film, Bitter Rice , which is set in the Po Valley during rice-harvesting season.