On the other hand, prostitution generated much national revenue in South Korea, hence the military government encouraged prostitution for the U. Brothels also settled the "obsessive fear of the sharing of women" and solved the issue of "collective security. Women usually alternated their career of prostitution with "petty retailing, and victualing," or only occasionally turning to prostitution in times of great financial need. Courtesan Throughout the Middle Ages the definition of a prostitute has been ambiguous, with various secular and canonical organizations defining prostitution in constantly evolving terms. Proponents of this view often cite instances of government regulation under legalization that they consider intrusive, demeaning, or violent, but feel that criminalization adversely affects sex workers. The birch — apart from its phallic significance — may have a connection with the initiation rites of certain witch-covens; rites which entailed binding and scourging as a form of mock-death. A large literature, much of it by European folklorists, bears on these subjects. While this law did not criminalise the act of prostitution in the United Kingdom itself, it prohibited such activities as running a brothel. Penalties for felony prostitution vary, with maximum sentences of typically 10 to 15 years in prison. A major work, Prostitution, Considered in Its Moral, Social, and Sanitary Aspects , was published by William Acton in , which estimated that the County of London had 80, prostitutes and that 1 house in 60 was serving as a brothel. Prostitution Information Centre, in Amsterdam Many countries have sex worker advocacy groups which lobby against criminalization and discrimination of prostitutes. Austrians in the community we studied are quite aware of "heathen" elements being blended with Christian elements in the Saint Nicholas customs and in other traditional winter ceremonies. France chose to regulate prostitution, introducing a Morals Brigade onto the streets of Paris.