In , fewer than half of high schools and only 20 percent of middle schools provided instruction on all topics the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention considers essential to sexual health education; 88 percent of schools allowed parents to opt out completely. Advocates for Youth claims that 95 percent of American adults between the ages of eighteen and forty-four reported having sex before marriage, indicating that abstinence-only-until-marriage sex education is not only ineffective but irrelevant to the majority of Americans. Educators and policymakers would continue to develop curricula and classroom practices that serve their communities, determining how to integrate sex education across classroom experiences. Though abstinence-only sex education programs have been proven ineffective, they are still a part of the conversation. This rhetorical climate birthed the abstinence-only curricula that expanded from the s through the early s. This data shows that, though some parents still push for abstinence-only curriculum, the majority of Americans want more out of their sex education. Teenagers are uninformed or misinformed about many issues concerning their bodies and turn to alternative forms of sex education, which are usually not very accurate or informative. Natalia Mehlman Petrzela, Ph. That generation of opponents won some battles in steadfastly refusing to tolerate any talk about sex at school, but by the late s, it was clear they were losing the war. Preschoolers practicing consent by asking each other before hugging or pushing on the swings. But how much did we really learn and retain in sex education? These are all important topics that, if McNeill is to be believed, can reduce bullying and stigmatization of queer people. This fear-based teaching style strives to scare students into not having sex before heterosexual marriage, telling them that premarital sex will cause them to lose friends presumably because their friends will think less of them for having sex and essentially painting sex as a gateway drug that leads to loose morals and STIs. Sex education in public schools across America is largely abstinence-only. The topic of sex education should not be scary or taboo. Another obsolescence of sex education in American public schools is its inability to include every student—specifically the queer ones. The curriculum also discusses queerness, specifically in the Identity section.