The husband is obligated to spend on the wife for all of her needs while she is not obligated to spend even if she is wealthy. Until then, partners were a single legal entity, but only a husband was allowed to exercise this right. In addition, Roman law recognized wives' property as legally separate from husbands's property,  as did some legal systems in parts of Europe and colonial Latin America. In Hinduism , a wife is known as a Patni or Ardhangini similar to "the better half" meaning a part of the husband or his family. In various marriage laws around the world, however, the husband continues to have authority; for instance the Civil Code of Iran states at Article Maiden and married names In some cultures, particularly in the Anglophone West , wives often change their surnames to that of the husband upon getting married. Among the last European countries to establish full gender equality in marriage were Switzerland,  Greece,  Spain,  and France  in the s. Legal rights of the wife[ edit ] Further information: For example, the New Testament condemns divorce for both men and women 1 Cor 7: Historical status[ edit ] Christian cultures claim to be guided by the New Testament in regard to their view on the position of a wife in society as well as her marriage. With regard to annulment, such terms are not, strictly speaking, correct, because annulment, unlike divorce, is usually retroactive , meaning that an annulled marriage is considered to be invalid from the beginning almost as if it had never taken place. Historically, many societies have given sets of rights and obligations to husbands that have been very different from the sets of rights and obligations given to wives. In parts of the world, adultery may result in violent acts, such as honor killings or stoning.